Kayaking has become a popular outdoor recreational activity for people who wish to enjoy aquatic adventures. In addition, modern kayaks for fishing, racing, and other activities have become a new favorite among boaters.
There are numerous types of kayaks with various unique features. Let us learn about the most popular kayaks, such as the pontoon hull kayak, round hull kayaks, and more.
What Is the Hull of a Kayak?
A kayak’s hull is one of the most vital parts as it helps define this type of boat. Various types of kayak hulls maximize the specific use of the boat on the water.
Every manufacturer designs a different type of hull, but the hull shapes bear similarities. Therefore, before choosing a type of kayak, you must learn about the style and shape. The hull of a kayak is the boat’s shape from one side to another.
There are flat, curved, v-shaped hulls, pontoon hulls, etc. Most of the kayaks used for fishing are pontoon hull kayaks. Here is the breakdown of various types of kayak hulls.
Basic Types of Kayak Hulls
There are four primary types of kayak hulls. These are the following.
- Pontoon hull kayaks
- Rounded hull kayaks
- V-shaped hull kayaks
- Flat hull kayaks
Each shape and style is optimized for various types of water conditions. As a result, they have different speeds, stability, and maneuverability.
Rounded hulls have some curvature. Flat hulls have a limited curvature, while v-shaped hulls have more curvature. Pontoon hull kayaks have a mixture of flatness and curvature.
Pontoon Hull Kayaks
The pontoon or tunnel hull kayaks feature a mixture of curvature and flatness, due to which they are the most suitable for fishing.
When you combine the advantages of flatness and curvature, you get maximum stability and speed. Pontoon hull kayaks allow you to stand up on the deck due to their secondary stability to handle water waves.
Different styles of boats have different stability in water. For example, the pontoon hull kayak has a rounded and flat hull.
Since pontoon hull kayaks feature two tunnels, they are relatively easier to direct. In addition, pontoon hull kayaks are ideal for fishing, as you can keep the kayak still while catching fish.
However, pontoon kayak hulls have one drawback, which is limited speed. So if you’re fond of thrilling speed, pontoon hull kayaks aren’t going to accompany you on wild waters.
They’re made for calmer waters like the river or lakes. Unfortunately, this means that you have to sacrifice speed for excellent stability.
Round Hull Kayaks
Besides pontoon hull kayaks, round hull kayaks are one of the primary hull kayaks featuring a round curvature. Round hull kayaks have easy maneuverability, allowing you to effortlessly direct your boat.
Rounded hull kayaks are also suitable for rough water as the rounded hull easily handles resistance. In addition, the round shape can displace water more efficiently than a flat hull.
A rounded hull kayak makes steering easier with decreased resistance and increased speed. This makes a rounded hull kayak more suitable for choppy waters such as the sea.
V-Shaped Hull Kayaks
If you want a hull kayak for speed, a V-shaped hull kayak is a suitable choice. The deep V shape easily cuts through the water waves and ensures paddling ease.
V-shaped hull kayaks are less stable as compared to pontoon hull kayaks, but these have more potential for speed.
Flat Hull Kayaks
A flat hull kayak is one of the most versatile kayaks because of its design. The flat bottom of the kayak allows you to cover more significant areas in contact with water.
In addition, this makes the kayak more stable when you make sharp turns.
These are suitable for people who are beginning to learn boating. Moreover, this kayak is better to use on calm water bodies such as ponds and lakes.
The flat shape reduces tilting, keeping the boat well balanced.
However, they have less water resistance, making them harder to steer in the sea or river. Using a flat hull kayak on the sea is more likely to get pushed and pulled around. Such boats cannot be as stable as pontoon hull kayaks or v-shaped kayaks.
Primary vs. Secondary Stability
Hull kayaks are designed to be stable on the water. However, each style and shape is stable in different water conditions. Therefore, a kayak’s design plays a vital role in its stability.
You must learn about primary and secondary stability to understand why pontoon hull kayaks are the most stable and why you should choose them.
Primary stability means how stable the kayak stays on flat water. In addition, primary stability ensures that your kayak feels less tippy.
However, kayaks with this type of stability feel less stable on rough water with more waves. Moreover, it is challenging to make turns or direct your boat if it only features primary stability.
Secondary stability means how stable the kayak feels in rough water. For example, when you make turns or direct your kayak, it stays more stable as it handles waves without tipping over. But kayaks with more secondary stability are more tippy in flat water.
Why Is a Pontoon Hull Kayak the Most Suitable Type of Kayak Design?
The suitability of your kayak’s design depends on your proficiency and your needs. First, you need to determine how you will use your kayak.
Are you going to use it on flat water or choppy waters? Then look into the type of hulls and how you can use them before choosing a suitable kayak design.
However, if stability is your primary concern, a pontoon hull kayak is the most suitable boat you can purchase due to its excellent stability, deck size, and flatboat area.
A kayak hull’s design affects its performance. Different hulls have different purposes and features. Their wide range of features makes them suitable for different water conditions and how you’re going to use them.
If you’re a beginner and wish to have a stable boat for flatwater, a pontoon hull kayak is a good choice because of the enhanced level of primary stability. You’ll also find it in various lengths suitable for your fishing adventures and cruising.